IIDT - Institution of Industrial Design & Technology

The Internet of Things (IoT)

If we looked 5 years back, then we can see that sharing any information with the world was very limited but, now we are so much develop by systems that we can share our information with just a click ofour Smartphone. The social platforms like facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn was limited with their vision when they founded but, now they are so much creative with their platforms like, facebook is not only a place to communicate through internet or sharing your pictures, but also a part of culture and media platforms. Some months ago, Twitter took some step which was very much useful formedical& Crisis help to share any information instantly. These things evolve with technological advancements & adoption of tech tools.

So, in this article we will take a look of what is internet of Things in real as well as how much it will be helpful to us?

Today, when we move for something from somewhere, we used car or bus or train to reach the destination and if anything on priority we have we used to communicate from person to person via machines like calling or messaging. If you look around, you can see that from early morning to night, we communicate through many machines like toaster, TV, mobile, ATM, etc. If you observed in whole processes, there is one function is very common and that is commanding or input for machine in technical word. You are giving them some kind of information which they can process and able to give you results in particular timeframe. IoT is just like this activity but, there is one exception only and that is IoT will help you to communicate with your things with the help of internet from anywhere.

When we talk about IoT, We are not only discussing about Smartphone’s enabled with internet but also about making network or connection with anything like we do text message to anyone is kind of same. Internet will be bridge between you and your things.Now, you may be thinking, why IoT and why only internet is the source for IoT?

Well. Internet is the only thing giving you the ability to work from anywhere. It is with us from over forty years and ‘Internet of Things’ has been in use after the adoption of RFID in large scale before a decade. Today, we have highly capable and low cost sensors & advances in wired and wireless communication technology. We have an array of tools, platforms and analysis techniques that can process large amounts of sensor data and present meaningful insights. We can send and receive data through various devices such as your mobile, tablet, computer. A close connection between things and humans, the cyber and physical world, established via sensors and devices.

Until recently, only computers & computing devices could connect to the Internet and talk to one another but, with the rapid advances in sensor technology, wireless protocols, bandwidth, and cloud computing, Machine to Machine communication becoming a reality.

"The IoT is about when computer can sense the real world for themselves, by themselves. So, the information in the world about things can be made available via the internet automatically."

Adoption of connected devices & solutions is not far behind. Smart wearable’s & vehicle connectivity is also taking part in the list of connected systems. The largest market which we are assuming will be connected homes or you can say smart homes.

If you look at the history of computers and computing, then we can see that computersexistingfrom early 1943. We have seen many changes in shape & sizes of computers till now. Emergence of new technologies, developments in computer made them smaller & efficient. Now, we are so much able with this phenomenal change that internet is now on our glasses.

So, what is next on the way of Internet?

What if Internet enabled devices will gone small and small more than iPod and disappeared from our devices?

Well, this is thing is now about to happen in some years that Internet will soonly take part of our daily routine with our every basic stuff like from our toothbrush to our Car, things will change in such a way that our every action will be part of shared information with the world.

 

Inception

The IoT concept was coined by a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) development community member Kevin Ashton in 1999, in the context of supply chain management. IoT has recently become more relevant to the practical world largely because of the growth of mobile devices, embedded and ubiquitous communication, cloud computing and data analytics.

A Evolution of the current internet into a network of interconnected objects that not only harvests information from the environment (Sensing) & interacts with physical world, but also existing internet standards to provide services for information transfer, analytics, applications and communications.

 

How it Works ?

When we talk about IoT, it isn’t about only smart devices or machines. It’s about giving results smartly with their sensibility. It revolves around increased machine-to-machine communication; it’s built on cloud computing and networks of data-gathering sensors; it’s mobile, virtual, and instantaneous connection; and it will going to make everything in our lives from streetlights to seaports “smart.”

IOT connects billions of devices and sensors to create new and innovative applications. Cloud-based applications are the key to using leveraged data. The Internet of Things doesn’t function without cloud-based applications to interpret and transmit the data coming from all these sensors. It is an architecture that orchestrates various technology capabilities such as multi-tenancy, automated provisioning and usage accounting while relying on the Internet and other connectivity technologies. The cloud is what enables the apps to go to work for you anytime, anywhere. In order to support these applications, a reliable, elastic and agile platform is essential. Cloud computing is one of the enabling platforms to support IOT. 
Just imagine implications of IoT in real life, if there’s accident on the bridge, the sensors in the accidental car will detect the status of car and communicate the information via the wireless internet to other vehicle around it. Once other car’s near to that areaknows that there’s a hazard ahead, they will instruct the driver to slow down, and if the driver doesn’t, then the car will slow down for him. This is just one of the ways that sensor-to-machine and machine-to-machine communication can take place. Sensors in the car connect to machines in the car: we turn information into action.

Sensor is not a machine. It doesn’t do anything in the same sense that a machine does. It measure, evaluate; in short it generates data to process. If you observe particularly to the devices which makes our things smart & connected with us as well as with other things; then you will conclude that it’s the only a game of sensing and processing connected over the internet. The main aim of the Internet of Things is gather data & leverage it.

 

IoT Movements

IoT is a huge and fundamental shift. When we start making things intelligent, it’s going to be a major engine for creating new products and new services. IoT has stepped out of its infancy and is the next revolutionary technology in transforming the Internet into fully integrated Internet. The Internet revolution led to the interconnection between people at an unprecedented scale and pace. There are much more things like virtual reality, artificial intelligence which will make IoT, we never think of.

In some decades, sensor manufacturing industries will be the giant in this market with the tremendous opportunities for making cities, transportation, security and data management to work smartly and independently. According to information of Association of Internet of Everything,IoT will be a $19 trillion opportunity globally over the next decade. In that, $14.4 trillion would be for the private sector and $4.6 billion for the public sector. Manufacturing sector alone could be $2.9 trillion business.

It does helpful to everything, from healthcare to transportation, from security to routine work. Uptake of the connected devices is set to grow rapidly over the next 5 years. A high proportion of the tech enthusiasts are interested in owing connected things like smart security systems, smart thermostats, smart lighting & smart Cars. Many factors are driving this interest. The biggest potential benefits, we assume will be money savings, more convenience & security.

Cisco’s predicated in the report of world economic forum that the market of IOT will create $ 19 trillion stake value for companies and industries. By 2020, more than 5 billion people will be connected to more than 50 billion things.

The increased number of connected devices will grow to exceed 17 billion in the next 5 years. The increasing use of smart devices and machine to machine communications are becoming challenging to maintain, manage, monitor and secure, which essentially shows risks and opportunities for enterprises, OEMs, and carriers.

Chuck Robbins CEO of Cisco Systems said in his recent talk that they are focusing on manufacturing flexible software’s in Data Analytics & Security. He believes that software has more strengthening future from now and Cisco also want to know them for software’s more than traditional networking hardware business.

There will be many improvements in traffic flow optimization till next decade. We’ll have smart stoplights in replacement of fixed timers that can respond to changes in traffic flow. Traffic and street conditions will be communicated to drivers, rerouting them around areas that are congested, snowed-in, or tied up in construction.People make better decisions such as taking the best routes to work or choosing their favorite restaurant. By equipping street lights with sensors and connecting them to the network, cities can dim lights to save energy, only bringing them to full capacity when the sensors detect motion. New services can emerge to address society challenges such as remote health monitoring for elderly patients and pay-as-you-use services.

For government, the convergence of data sources on shared networks improves nationwide planning, promotes better coordination between agencies and facilitates quicker responsiveness to emergencies and disasters. For enterprises, IOT brings about tangible business benefits from improved management and tracking of assets and products, new business models and cost savings achieved through the optimization of equipment and resource usage.

So now we have sensors for monitoring and tracking all sorts of data; we have cloud-based apps translating that data into useful intelligence and transmitting it to machines on the ground, enabling mobile, real-time responses. With more physical objects and smart devices connected in the IOT landscape, the impact and value that IOT brings to our daily lives become more prevalent.

So, Get set ready for Internet of Things to change our lives forever.
  • 08 Nov 2015
  • Ashish Thorat
  • Technology
  • Comment